All this is admirably depicted with what I would call divine rather than human art . . . everything you would think to have been produced not by the artifice of human hands but by all-bearing nature herself." (Cyriac of Ancona, 1449)
The period from about 1420 to 1550 was one of astonishing and almost uninterrupted artistic achievement in the Netherlands. Taking "all-bearing nature" as their guide, Netherlandish artists extended the boundaries of painting until they seemed as limitless as the blue-tinged mountains of the distant horizons in their pictures. Jan van Eyck and Rogier van der Weyden became the most renowned painters in Europe, Van Eyck acquiring legendary status as the inventor of oil painting. Works by Netherlandish masters were sought by princes and merchants throughout Europe, who prized them for their remarkable qualities of verisimilitude, their technical and coloristic virtuosity, and their heightened expressive power.
MMA's Exhibition notes, "From van Eyck to Breugel", 10/02/07
















The Annunciation Triptych (Merode Triptych), c. 1425–30
Robert Campin (ca. 1375–1444) and Assistant (possibly Rogier van der Weyden), Oil on wood; More details can be found here.
















Detail of above
















The Marriage of Giovanni Arnolfini and Giovanna Cenami; Jan van Eyck, 1434; Oil on wood.
















Detail of above.
















The Potato Eaters, Vincent van Gogh, 1885, oil on canvas.
















The Crucifixion; The Last Judgment, c. 1430 Jan van Eyck (act. by 1422, d. 1441) and Assistant, Oil on canvas, transferred from wood.
More details can be found here.
















The Ghent Altarpiece, Hubert and Jan van Eyck (brothers), 1432, Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















The Virgin of Chancellor Rolin, Jan van Eyck, c. 1435, Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















The Madonna with Canon van der Paele, Jan van Eyck, 1436 Oil on wood.
















Portrait of Francesco d’Este, Rogier van der Weyden (1399/1400–1464), c. 1460. Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















Portrait of Tommaso Portinari, Hans Memling (act. by 1465, d. 1494), c. 1470, Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















Portrait of a Woman, Quentin Massys (1465/66–1530), c. 1520, Oil on wood. Click here for more information.
















Man Weighing Gold, Adriaen Isenbrant (act. by 1510, d. 1551), c. 1515–20, Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















American Gothic, Grant Wood, 1930, Oil on beaverboard. Click here for more details.
















Man in a Red Turban, Jan van Eyck, 1433, Oil on panel.
















Virgin and Child with Four Angels, Gerard David (ca. 1455–1523), c. 1510–15, Oil on wood. More information can be found here.
















The Adoration of the Magi, Quentin Massys (1465/66–1530), 1526, Oil on wood, More information can be found here.