20th Century Abstraction: Elimination of the Unnecessary



Resources:
Alfred Stieglitz (18641946) and His Circle, MMA Timeline

Alfred Stieglitz and American Photography, MMA Timeline

France, 18001900, MMA Timeline

Les demoiselles d'Avignon: Conserving a Modern Masterpiece, MoMA

Abstract Expressionism, MMA Timeline

Pollock-Krasner House of Study

Matisse's Piano Lesson, MoMA

Hans Hofmann, PBS

Hans Namuth's photos of Jackson Pollock at work, NPG

Mark Rothko Interview, NGA



Face of a Woman, 1935. Henri Matisse, French, 1869-1954.















George Sand's Garden at Nohant, c. 1840s. Eugene Delacroix, French, 1798-1863.









Impression, Sunrise, 1873. Claude Monet, French, 1840-1926.















Keelmen Heaving in Coals by Moonlight, 1835. JMW (John Mallord William) Turner, British, 1775-1851.





















The Large Bathers, Paul Cezanne, French, 1839-1906.
"Everything in nature takes its form from the sphere, the cone and the cylinder." -- Cezanne











House in a Garden, 1908. Pablo Picasso, Spanish Cubist, 1881-1973.









First Communion, Picasso, 1895-96. (He was 14 years old.)









Les demoiselles d'Avignon, Picasso, 1907.

Cubism was first coined by the popular French critic Louis Vauxcelles in his 1908 review of an exhibition of paintings by Georges Braque (18821963).

The result of months of preparation and revision, this painting revolutionized the art world when first seen in Picasso's studio. Its monumental size underscored the shocking incoherence resulting from the outright sabotage of conventional representation. Picasso drew on sources as diverse as Iberian sculpture, African tribal masks, and El Greco's painting to make this startling composition. In the preparatory studies, the figure at left was a sailor entering a brothel. Picasso, wanting no anecdotal detail to interfere with the sheer impact of the work, decided to eliminate it in the final painting. The only remaining allusion to the brothel lies in the title: Avignon was a street in Barcelona famed for its brothel.
From The Museum of Modern Art's (MoMA) website. This painting is there at MoMA.











The Steerage, 1907. Alfred Stieglitz, American, 18641946.















Standing Nude Female, 1910. Picasso.















Drawing XIII, 1913. Georgia O'Keeffe, American, 1887-1986.















Georgia O'Keeffe, 1921. Stieglitz.















Black Iris, 1926. O'Keeffe.















Carnival of Harlequin, 1924-1925. Joan Miro, Spanish, 1893-1983. More information at Artchive.















Cat, 1954. Alberto Giacometti, Swiss, 1901-1966.


















Dog, 1951. Giacometti.


















Tormented Bull, 1961. Hans Hofmann, German, 18801966.


















(Paul) Jackson Pollock, 1950, American, 1912-1956 - photo by Hans Namuth, 1915-1990.


















Male Female, Jackson Pollock, 1942.


















Cathedral, Jackson Pollock, 1947.


















Autumn Rhythm, Pollock, 1950. MMA for more info.


















Woman I, 1950-52. Willem de Kooning, Dutch-born, 19041997.
More info from MoMA













Sumerian figures, c. 1900 BCE.













Woman and Bicycle, Willem de Koooning, 1952-53.






























Orange and Yellow, 1956. Mark Rothko, Russian-born, 1903-1970.

"It is a widely accepted notion among painters that it does not matter what one paints as long as it is well painted. This is the essence of academicism. There is no such thing as good painting about nothing." -- Rothko


















Black on Maroon, Mark Rothko, 1959.

Part of the murals made originally for the Four Seasons restaurant, until Rothko desided that the restaurant too bourgeois for his liking. They're now at The Tate.


















The Blue Painting Lesson, 1973. Robert Motherwell, American, 1915-1991.


















A Glimpse of Notre Dame in the Late Afternoon (Notre-Dame, une fin d'apres-midi), 1902. Matisse.













Turquoise Marilyn, 1962. Andy Warhol, American, 1928-1987.













Byzantine Icon "Christ the Savior", c. 14th Century.















UV Dreams, c. 2008. Mars-1 (Mario Martinez), American, b. 1977.
"I'm influenced by science not science fiction."

More information at Juxtapoz.com.















Nature of Time, c. 2008. Mars-1.