Photography: The Second Invention - what do we do with it all?

Resources:
Mathew Brady at The Smithsonian
Alexander Gardner, Mathew Brady, and Gardner's Photographic Sketch Book of the War
Roger Fenton
Teaching With Documents: The Civil War as Photographed by Mathew Brady
*The Wet Plate (Collodion) Process - step by step, PBS.
Framing a Century: Master Photographers, 1840-1940 - Exhibition info at The Met
Impressed by Light: British Photographs from Paper Negatives, 18401860 - at The Met
Sally Mann @PBS









Lottery Annoucement, Unknown, c. 1852.

This assemblage of eight daguerreotypes in a single frame shows four women and five men symmetrically arranged, all apparently the inhabitants of a French asylum for the insane. An elaborate placard for a prize lottery whose purpose was to raise funds for the facility, the daguerreotypes' intent was surely to persuade contributors that its cause was worthy and humane.[The Getty]













Native Woman of Sofala, 1845, Thiesson.













Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1864, Mathew Brady.

On January 8, 1864, Abraham Lincoln posed for this portrait in Brady's Washington studio. A week before, Lincoln had welcomed the first African Americans to ever attend the President's annual New Year's Day reception at the White House, one of many sparkling celebrations that took place that winter. Looking ahead to the Republican convention, Lincoln used public events as well as private influence to counter challenges from opponents like Charles Sumner and his own secretary of the treasury, Salmon P. Chase. In February, Harriet Beecher Stowe published a warm, favorable interview, reporting the President's reflections on the war and his career, and his "dry, weary, patient pain." Stowe's article also contained Lincoln's chilling comment, "'Whichever way it ends . . . I have the impression that I shan't last long after it's over.'" [Source]













Portrait of Abraham Lincoln, 1864, Mathew Brady.













Self-Portrait, Mathew Brady (1822-1896), c. 1862. (Active 18441883)

"My greatest aim has been to advance the art [of photography] and to make it what I think I have, a great and truthful medium of history." -- Mathew Brady. [mathewbrady.com]

Mathew Brady was born in Warren County, New York and was the father of photojournalism. He was the greatest American photo-historian of the 19th century, and undoubtedly Abraham Lincoln's favorite photographer. Nobody in the history of photography could claim to have taken more photographs of important historical personalities during the 19th century than Mathew Brady.

Mathew Brady was the first to undertake the photographic documentation of the American Civil War. Brady was almost killed at Bull Run, VA. He got lost for three days and eventually wound up in Washington D.C., nearly dead from starvation. Film maker Ken Burns who is famous for his television series "The Civil War" (1990), said his Civil War series could not have been made if it were not for Mathew Brady's photographs. [Source]

More of Brady's portraits can be found at The National Portrait Gallery, Smithsonian Institution.













Brady's gallery, c. 1861.













Portrait of Phineas Taylor "PT" Barnum (1810-1891), Mathew Brady.













PT Barnum and dancer Ernestine de Faiber, Mathew Brady.













From left to right George Washington Morrison Nutt (1844-1881), Charles Sherwood Stratton (1838-1883),
Lavinia Warren Stratton (1841-1919), Minnie Warren (1841-1878).
Brady was the wedding photographer of Barnum performer Tom Thumb.













More of above (and obverse of below).













Reverse of above.













Mathew Brady's "Freak" photos are revived for this Coney Island Poster. 1994.













Antietam, Mathew Brady, 1862.













Antietam, Sally Mann, 2001. From What Remains. [The Corcoran: Past Exhibitions]













Plate 36, Alexander Gardner, from Photographic Sketch Book of the War. More info here.













Valley of the Shadow of Death, 1855, Roger Fenton.













Confederate dead behind a stone wall at Fredericksburg, Virginia, Mathew Brady.













Landscape Near Troyes, France, Alexandre Clausel, c. 1855.













Early Operation Using Ether, Southworth and Hawes, c. 1845.













Anatomy Lesson, Rembrandt, 1632.













The Gross Clinic (named for Dr. Gross), Eakins, 1875.













Jack, JT Zealy (as commissioned by Louis Agassiz) - one of two images.
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